Breeding Program


The Canadian Horse Breeders Association (CHBA) is the official breed management organization. It’s a federal association incorporated under the Animal Pedigree Act (APA). It’s responsible for maintaining the pedigree registry and defining the breed standards. It is governed by a Board of nine volunteer directors.


The Canadian Livestock Records Corporations (CLRC) is mandated by the CHBA to maintain the pedigree registry and uphold the regulations set out in section 9 of the by-laws. The CLRC is a private non-profit organization incorporated under the Animal Pedigree Act (APA). Its registrars maintain the records for some fifty animal breeds (including the Canadian horse).

Since the CLRC is mandated by the CHBA to maintain its records, you will receive many communications from them, but always for and on behalf of the CHBA.

CLRC’s Canadian Horse Registrar
Ms. Laura-Lee Mills. Tel: 1-877-833-7110 ext. 314. Email

Pedigree registry regulations

The pedigree registry regulations are set out in the CHBA’s by-laws (section 9).

Registration eligibility

To be eligible for registration, an animal must:

  • be derived from two parents registered in the breed registry;
  • have a DNA proof of parentage.

Males specifically must:

  • be at least 96.75% (31/32) purebred,
  • or have a proof of castration for any males less than 96.875% (31/32) purebred.


Artificial insemination and embryo transfers

Foals born as a result of an artificial insemination (fresh or frozen semen) or an embryo transfer are eligible for registration.

Determining the registration name

A horse’s registration name is made up of the following three items, in this order:

  • the herd name (also called breeders prefix)
  • the given name of the sire.
  • the foal’s given name.

The full name must not exceed 30 characters, including spaces and numbers.

The herd name used as the first part of the horse’s name is that of the mare’s owner (or lessor) at the time the breeding took place.

The horse’s given name must start with the letter assigned to its birth year. For example, the letter F for 2018, the letter G for 2019, the letter H for 2020, etc.

Registration process
  1. Owners of a mare who has given birth to a foal must, within ninety (90) days following the birth, fill out and submit a birth declaration to the CLRC.
  2. They will then receive a registration kit including a registration application form, the instructions for the parentage test and a microchip. Foal owners have 90 additional days to complete the registration.

The same procedure applies for the registration of adult horses.

DNA proof of parentage

All breeding animals must have their own DNA certificate for their offspring to be registered.

Official animal identification

Microchips have been the only accepted identification method since 2012. All foals must be identified with a microchip implant before weaning. The chip is injected subcutaneously on the side of the neck, halfway between the poll and withers, approximately 2 inches below the base of the mane.

Registration certificate

Once it has received the registration application and the proof of parentage, the CLRC will issue a registration certificate. Once a registration certificate has been issued, it cannot be cancelled (except under special circumstances).

Transfer of ownership

The transfer of ownership request must be filled out in the appropriate section on the back of the original registration certificate and, to be valid, it must be signed by the last registered owner.

If the registration certificate is transferred to a buyer without the signature of the previous registered owner, due to that person being deceased, to them losing their privileges, to an order stemming from a legal decree, or to any other legal action, the Registration Supervising Committee may be appealed to in writing to recommend that the Board approve the transfer of ownership of the horse to the new owner, if the latter is able to provide the following supporting evidence, depending on the case:

  • Proof of purchase and payment in full for the horse (receipt indicating the price with a proof of full payment) OR a copy of a court document providing satisfactory evidence of transfer of ownership (divorce document, proof of gift or legal seizure, etc.).
  • Formal proof of the identity of the horse in question (chip reading by an authorized representative or DNA parentage test).
Stallion inspection for studs

All stallions destined for breeding and born in or after 2015 must get examined by a vet.

See the inspection form

Stallions must be at least two years old at the time of the inspection. Only those who have been approved can produce foals eligible for registration. Stallions born before 2015 are not subjected to this process.

Stallion report

Owners of a stallion destined for breeding must fill out a stallion report every year, by December 31 at the latest.

Semen freezing and selling frozen semen

Owners of a registered Canadian stallion who have frozen or authorized a third party to freeze the semen of their horse must send a semen freezing report to the CLRC within one month of the freezing. The report indicates the number of frozen doses as well as the owner of said doses.

The same form must be filled out to report the sale of frozen semen doses. The new owners can then sign the stallion report and register their foals.

Leasing or loaning

Registered stallions and mares can be loaned or leased for breeding purposes. The lease form must be filled out and signed by the lessor and the lessee, and submitted to the CLRC by December 31 of the breeding year.

Theft report

If a Canadian Horse is stolen, its owner must report it promptly to the CLRC using the Canadian Horse theft declaration form and include the police report.

Breeding animal classification

To provide support and guidance to breeders in choosing their breeding animals, the CHBA is currently working on a classification system.

More information will be available soon!